Choosing the right international market-entry strategy is critical to a company’s success. However, a successful strategy also carries risks that must be carefully considered before making the decision to launch into a new market.

There are several methods that a company can use to enter an international market, including exporting and licensing. Understanding the differences between these methods can help you choose the best entry strategy for your business.


Licensing is a method of commercializing intellectual property that is not owned by the licensee. It involves a company (licensor) granting the right to another firm (licensee) to use their patents, trademarks, copyrights, designs and other intellectual properties in exchange for a fee or royalty.

Many companies choose to license intellectual properties as a way to expand their business by taking advantage of other companies’ infrastructure and sales channels. This is particularly beneficial for small businesses that cannot afford to develop their own product or do not have the ability to manufacture and distribute the products they want to sell.

The licensing process also allows a company to take advantage of proven products that are in high demand in a market area. This can be a good strategy for a company that is looking to grow or diversify its product line and level out seasonal highs and lows by getting a proven product into a new market.

However, it is important to note that there are certain risks associated with licensing. These include infringement of patents and trademarks, as well as the risk that the licensor may lose control over their property.

Another issue involved with licensing is that it can be difficult to predict the future success of the product in the target market. This can be especially true when the licensor is not familiar with the cultural, economic and legal situation in the country where they are planning to license their property.

Therefore, the licensor should make sure that they are prepared to deal with the various issues and challenges that can arise in global marketing campaigns. Some of these issues are sourcing the appropriate product to license, understanding and managing the cultural differences in the target market, and assessing the competitive environment in the region.

The licensor should be careful to select a reputable partner with the necessary expertise to help them navigate the international marketplace. A reputable partner will have a good understanding of the local market and a reputation for success in the industry. This partner can provide a company with a solid base of knowledge about the culture, language and legal aspects of the international market. This partner can also provide a strong legal and financial foundation for the licensor as they enter the international arena.


Among the most common business strategies, outsourcing is a powerful way to free up internal resources and allow your company to focus on its main objectives. This approach allows your organization to grow and expand in a cost-effective manner, and can also provide access to new technologies and capabilities that may not be otherwise available.

While it is true that outsourcing can bring a variety of benefits to your company, it also comes with risks. Some of these risks are easy to address and some are harder to manage.

A few of the more prevalent risks are operational and financial. Operational risks involve theft of intellectual property, violation of laws and unethical conduct, data breaches, and inability to provide services in the event of an infrastructural breakdown.

The financial risk of outsourcing is that it can result in job loss and a decrease in income. This occurs because companies move their work to lower-cost areas while maintaining employees in higher-cost ones, creating a downward shift in average wages across the economy.

These risks can be mitigated if companies perform rigorous due diligence before entering into any contract with an outsource provider. They should also establish a clear cadence of communication with the team to minimize the likelihood of communication gaps.

Another important consideration is the quality of service that your business will receive from an outsource provider. It is critical to ensure that the company you hire has a proven track record of delivering high-quality work.

Finally, it is a good idea to choose an outsourcing provider that is based in the country you want to enter, as this will reduce the likelihood of language barriers and other cultural differences hindering communication. Outsourcing can be a powerful strategy for global growth, but it requires careful planning and execution to minimize the potential risks.

Outsourcing can help businesses avoid a number of risks, including labor costs and price dispersion among countries. It can also increase production efficiency, allowing businesses to focus on delivering high-quality products and services that their customers will value. It is a strategy that many large corporations use to reduce costs and improve productivity.

Joint Ventures

Joint ventures are a business strategy in which two companies enter into a partnership to produce or distribute a product. Usually, the profit and risk are shared between the two companies.

Many large companies use joint ventures to expand their distribution in foreign markets, allowing them to sell their products and services to customers outside their home country. This type of international expansion takes more resources and time than other types of global entry strategies.

The risk involved in joint ventures can be substantial, but it can also lead to greater profits for both parties. However, this is only true if the joint venture is set up properly and abides by the rules of the country in which it operates.

This risk can be mitigated if both companies have clear goals for the joint venture and communicate them to each other. This will prevent any disagreements from arising between the two companies, and help ensure that both companies are happy with the results of the joint venture.

Another way that joint ventures are risky is that the value of the property can change over time, which can result in lower or higher profits for investors. This is a concern for both investors and joint venture partners, as it can impact both the sales price of the property and the cost of materials used to produce the property.

A company should always assess its own level of risk before deciding to embark on any international expansion. This will determine whether or not a joint venture is the best option for them.

Some companies choose to engage in a joint venture only when they have a strong business plan that can generate sufficient profit to justify the investment. This is especially common with high-tech firms that have a lot of intellectual property and a competitive advantage in the market they are targeting.

In other cases, companies choose to enter a joint venture because it can give them access to new geographic markets and improve their visibility in the international marketplace. This can be particularly helpful if they want to increase their brand reputation or target a specific demographic of customers.

Wholly-Owned Subsidiaries

A wholly-owned subsidiary is a type of business entity owned by a parent company. These subsidiaries are a good choice for global entry since they give the parent company control over the subsidiary. They can also help the parent company diversify their operations and reduce risk.

While wholly-owned subsidiaries can be a great way to gain access to new markets, they can also come with certain disadvantages. It’s important to understand these disadvantages before you decide to make a wholly-owned subsidiary your go-to international strategy.

Political Risk: Some countries are hostile to foreigners establishing wholly-owned subsidiaries in their countries. This can make it more difficult to do business in the country, which can hurt your bottom line.

Diverse Rules and Regulations: Every country has its own set of laws and industry rules. This can make it challenging to manage your wholly-owned subsidiary in a foreign country, especially if you don’t know the ins and outs of the country’s laws and rules.

In many cases, you may need to hire additional personnel to handle your wholly-owned subsidiary’s activities. This can add to your overall costs and take up valuable resources.

Reduction of Privacy: Often, the parent company will apply its own data access and protection directives to its wholly-owned subsidiary’s assets and operations. This can limit the amount of information that the subsidiary can share with the parent company and other companies.

Expensive: Depending on the size of your business, you may have to spend a significant amount of money to establish and operate a wholly-owned subsidiary abroad. This is especially true in more volatile countries.

Managing a wholly-owned subsidiary overseas can be expensive and time consuming. It also involves a lot of paperwork and legal formalities.

Owning a wholly-owned subsidiary can be a very lucrative option for your business. However, it can also be extremely risky. Whether you are planning on building a wholly-owned subsidiary “from scratch” or buying an existing operation, understanding the pros and cons is essential.

Chelsea Glover