As of July 1, 2020, the World Bank is financing 17 projects in Madagascar to the tune of $1.4 billion in the areas of education, nutrition, early childhood development, social protection, resilient agriculture, energy, transport, and support for private sector development.

Development policy operations in FY19-20, totaling $200 million, support critical reforms to strengthen the quality and transparency of fiscal decision-making, improve the governance of the electricity sector, and improve human capital. A $50 million Catastrophe Deferred Drawdown Option operation also provides Madagascar with rapid access to financing in the event of a natural catastrophe while supporting key reforms that strengthen the country’s system for disaster risk management. At the end of August 2020, a $75 million COVID-19 Response Development Policy Financing was approved to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 crisis (coronavirus) and lay the foundations for a sustainable recovery.

The International Development Association (IDA) also provides analytics and advisory services to provide support for evidence-based decision-making and stronger implementation on a wide range of development issues.

The World Bank-financed projects have led to the following noteworthy outcomes:

Strengthening of human capital

  • 266 classrooms have been built through the Madagascar Emergency Support to Education for All Project (PAUET);

  • More than 98,000 children aged six to 10 years can go to school as a result of monthly cash transfers granted to their parents;

  • More than 800,000 vulnerable people in southern Madagascar are beneficiaries of the FIAVOTA Program, which provides cash transfers combined with health and nutrition interventions, to stabilize the incomes of households hit by drought, building their resilience and improving their well-being. Fifteen months of project implementation have successfully diminished the food poverty of program beneficiaries: average household income has risen and is 40% higher than the average income of non-beneficiaries. The cash transfers have also fostered the creation of small family businesses, and in 2018, nearly two-thirds of households had at least two small family-run income-generating activities. The program has resulted in a marked improvement in the human development and women’s empowerment indicators;

  • 32,000 households are receiving cash in return for community work

  • 347 health centers providing basic care have been renovated (installation of solar energy refrigerators to preserve vaccines, for example)

Private sector development

  • Between 2015 and 2017, six reforms relating to improvement of the investment climate have been adopted and implemented, tangibly reducing barriers to entrepreneurship and to business growth.

  • The total number of direct beneficiaries of the Second Integrated Growth Poles and Corridors Project (PIC2) is estimated at nearly 400,000

  • In the 77 PIC2 intervention communes, there was an increase of 51% in commune-level revenues between 2015 and end-2016 and an increase of 85% in the number of newly formalized enterprises in the 77 PIC2 intervention communes

  • Passenger traffic, including tourists traveling by air and sea, increased by 37% in the main PIC2 tourism centers.


  • More than 58,000 hectares of irrigated land were rehabilitated. Rice production yields increased from 2.5 metric tons to close to five metric tons per hectare, bringing direct benefits to more than 76,000 agricultural households

  • Between 2017 and 2019, almost 100,000 farmers directly benefited from improved irrigation services and agricultural inputs

  • 300,250 land certificates have been registered since 2006


  • Annual electricity losses by the national power company, JIRAMA, have dropped by 5%

  • The proportion of the population with access to electricity increased by 8% as a result of grid and off-grid solutions.

  • Total electricity sales per kWh covered by the revenue protection program increased by 23%.

Last Updated: Jul 31, 2020