What are some common descriptions of a computer science degree? A common description of a Computer Science degree is a degree that covers a wide range of topics including Data structures, parallel and distributed computing, Security and information assurance, and Platform-based development. These descriptions are often used to help prospective students decide whether or not a particular degree will interest them. If you are thinking about applying for a Computer Science degree, it is helpful to know what these descriptions are.

## Data structures

Data structures are the foundation of a computer program. They help organize data in a systematic and logical way. In addition, they facilitate the persistence and retrieval of information.

Data structures can be used for any type of programming. Some of the common types of data structures are arrays, queues, trees and graphs.

Arrays are the oldest and simplest data structure. They contain a fixed number of elements, typically items of the same type. Each element is indexed. These elements can be strings, integers, floating-point numbers or even arrays of arrays.

Linked lists are another type of data structure. The nodes in a linked list point to the next node in the sequence. A tree, meanwhile, is a non-homogenous data structure that does not require the same data type for each element.

Stacks are a type of data structure that stores collections of items in linear order. Ideally, the last item is stored first. However, the data structure may be ordered randomly. This makes it ideal for the storage of recently accessed objects.

A binary search tree, or tree, is a highly efficient way to sort objects. It is also called an ordered binary tree.

Graphs are another type of nonlinear data structure. They are a pictorial representation of the elements in an element set. Similarly, edges are the connections between nodes.

Generally, these data structures are chosen for the convenience and speed of access. However, there are also many data structures that are useful for more generic problems.

Among the different types of data structures, the most important are algorithms. An algorithm is a step-by-step equation that can be written and executed by a computer. Using the right algorithms can boost the efficiency of a computer program.

## Platform-based development

Platform-based development is a technology that is being used in a wide range of industries. It is used to create stable microprocessor-based architectures for a variety of applications. This approach can also be applied to custom-designs for a range of purposes.

A platform is an abstraction layer in the design flow that contains preselected elements and functions that provide the low-level functionality of a chip. These include a processor, memory, peripheral IP blocks, and other components. The platform can also be virtualized, which allows for a virtual machine to run the software or hardware.

Platforms can be divided into communication-centric platforms, system platforms, and full-application platforms. Communication-centric platforms provide the ability to implement network protocols, while full-application platforms allow users to design fully functional applications.

While there are numerous definitions of platforms, the most basic definition is a single, shared, micro-architecture based chip. An example is the Xilinx-IBM XBlue, which combines FPGA logic with an ASIC. Another example is the Philips Nexperia, which includes a 32-bit MIPS RISC CPU, MPEG decoders, a bus, and a memory system.

There are several models of platform-based product development, including sequential technology transfer, concurrent technology transfer, and virtualized systems. Each of these models requires a different type of organization.

The formal definition of platform-based design is somewhat vague. Some of the key points include that the platform includes a processor and an operating system, which may be able to be programmed by the user. Other common elements of platform-based design are the peripheral IP blocks and the bus structure.

Despite its complexity, the platform concept has been successful in addressing a number of issues. For instance, it has helped address the need for faster product delivery.

## Parallel and distributed computing

Parallel and distributed computing is a technique used to increase the processing speed of a computer. It is also important in complex simulations. Unlike centralized computing, distributed systems are more reliable. This is because they can handle failures and redundancies.

A distributed system is a computer network that connects computers together. This makes it possible for large tasks to be performed across multiple machines.

Initially, these systems consisted of several independent computers with their own processors. However, in the 1960s and 1970s, supercomputers were built, using massively parallel processors. These systems were then used for scientific research.

Today, distributed systems are used to build powerful applications and distribute functionality. The Internet is one of the most popular examples of distributed computing. Several companies offer cloud-based services. Cloud computing allows users to use software and hardware without buying them.

Distributed computing also provides scalability. In a distributed system, the same task can be run on hundreds of computers. There are three major challenges that a distributed system faces.

One challenge is the communication time. Each node must be able to communicate with the other nodes. Another challenge is the lack of a single global clock. To overcome these challenges, there are synchronization algorithms.

Another challenge is the independence of the components. The system needs to be able to handle the failure of individual nodes. When one node is down, the other nodes still have access to the information they need.

As a result, the efficiency of a distributed system depends on how transparent it is. The transparency of the nodes determines how they communicate with each other. For instance, if there is only one message sent between two nodes, this message must contain only B bits.

## Security and information assurance

An information assurance and security computer science degree can help prepare you for a career in a variety of fields. You will learn how to protect digital data and prevent malicious attacks. A career in this field offers many exciting opportunities. The US Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that the job outlook for information security analysts is projected to grow 37 percent through 2022.

As the world becomes more digital, the demand for cybersecurity professionals is rising. Companies across the public and private sectors are in need of assurance specialists. Assurance specialists manage data systems, information processing, and information storage. They also serve as security consultants.

Information security and assurance degree programs are designed to prepare students for a wide range of technical and management roles. Students learn to identify, analyze, and protect digital information, as well as understand the primary ethical and legal concerns related to the industry.

Throughout the program, you will develop your skills in areas such as network programming, networking, and software design. These skills are essential to securing computer networks. In the lab, you will learn to test and analyze tools that protect critical data.

Through courses such as CS 310 and CSS 310, you’ll explore the principles and methods of information assurance and cybersecurity. This includes studying encryption, cryptography, and malware analysis. Using techniques taught in each discipline, you will develop countermeasures to protect information and prevent attacks from hackers.

In addition to coursework, students in the program can choose from electives in topics such as forensics, risk management, and social media. These electives will emphasize the strengths of each campus.

Students will also have the opportunity to participate in internships in the network security field. Through this experience, you will gain firsthand knowledge of the importance of security in today’s technological world.

## Societal impact

Computer technology has impacted the world in many ways. This includes technology that has improved our lives and our health. It also provides the tools to combat natural disasters and pollution.

The internet is a great example of technology that has transformed education. With instant messaging apps, we can work across time zones and connect with people around the globe. We can learn new languages, play games, and even conduct business from the comfort of our homes.

One of the major uses of computer technology is in healthcare. Medical facilities have improved their ability to diagnose and treat diseases. Additionally, they are able to work together as a team. There are even companies that hire workers in other countries.

Healthcare informatics is a large industry. Through information technology, doctors and nurses can network and provide better care.

A new Princeton group, Technology for a Just Society, is promoting an inclusive tech culture. It’s also forging connections between young technologists and nonprofits.

A group of undergraduate students at Princeton University are using computer science to address social justice. They are forming startups that can solve community needs.

The new CS 90SI course focuses on integrating web technologies into a solution to a social problem. Students will build projects on DataKind, a technology platform that allows a diverse range of tech professionals to build a project.

The CS 90SI course is the first on campus to offer this type of curriculum. In addition to lessons in web development, students will build real-world applications and meet philanthropic leaders from the community.

Another program on campus, Managing for Social Impact and the Public Good, explores the challenges of managing organizations. It is an interdisciplinary minor that is open to all undergraduate students.