From a young driver who is new to driving experience to an adult who does not yet have a driver’s license, learning to drive can be a major concern. If you are teaching your child or friend how to drive, Mark Primack, co-founder of Primo Driving Schools in Los Angeles, has some tips to make the learning process more efficient and less stressful.

Be compassionate

If you are teaching someone how to drive, it is possible to show compassion for something that is likely to be a potentially distressing, stressful experience for them. Adolescent drivers will probably require the instructor to be more patient in order to help them avoid deviations that may be caused by nervousness.

Teaching adults who are learning to drive for the first time can also show compassion and understanding for their situation. While many people delay learning to drive for simple reasons (such as growing up without a car), many do so because they have had difficult experiences, such as an accident. “Often, if someone learns to drive as an adult, they realize in their head that it is terrible, dangerous,” says Primak. The right approach can convince them that it is not necessary, he claims. “Address: [the fear] first openly, then take steps to make them comfortable, to increase the likelihood of a good, safe experience. Accept that your friend may be ashamed that he or she does not have what some consider to be a “basic” life skill. Reassure them that it is becoming more and more common not to learn in adolescence, that learning is possible at any age.

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Have a Lesson Plan

Planning for safe, smooth sessions with your teen or other new driver. So before you teach anyone to drive, make sure you both have modern car insurance. Then take some time for lessons. Primack usually offers five or six two-hour lessons. Use his suggestions as a guide.

1stLearn about the car itself: control, diagnostics, transmissions, mirror adjustment, lights և lashes. Understanding the basics will help the driver feel more confident. Then move on to the curb in the residential area, turning, breaking, turning to the curb.

2ndWe present the trade areas իների the changes of the lanes, the right-left turns at the intersections ելը the parking at the big, low traffic station.

3rdIntroducing higher speed roads (50 mph) with multiple lane changes.

4th: Highway driving. “You will be on the right side of the highway, so the driver will find himself merging the routes and merging the other cars,” Primak said.

5thFighting steep hills, like what to do in case of emergency և in bad weather.

Speak it

Primack asks new drivers how they think something needs to be done before doing so. When approaching a red light where you want the driver to turn left unprotected, ask your driver to tell you what to do when the light turns green. It helps them to think ahead of time about their actions.

Because failure teaches valuable lessons, Primack also allows new drivers to make small, safe mistakes in low-risk situations, such as asking a person to change lanes when no other cars are nearby. He will then ask how they think it went, and what else they would do next.

Know when to hit the brakes

Watch your friend’s reactions during the lesson. Observe how tightly they hold the steering wheel, breathe heavily (or hold their breath), are stiff or open-eyed. These may be signs that they need a break. Ask regularly how they are doing. Եւ If you are stressed, pull out, get out of the car to catch your breath, and then restart when you are both calm. If an argument breaks out, take a longer break or move the lesson to another day. And keep in mind. If teaching your friend becomes too difficult, he or she may need a specialist. In that case, you can still provide great emotional support.

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By Sarah Bruning